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EVP_BytesToKey(3) OpenSSL EVP_BytesToKey(3)
EVP_BytesToKey - password based encryption routine
int EVP_BytesToKey(const EVP_CIPHER *type,const EVP_MD *md,
const unsigned char *salt,
const unsigned char *data, int datal, int count,
unsigned char *key,unsigned char *iv);
EVP_BytesToKey() derives a key and IV from various parame-
ters. type is the cipher to derive the key and IV for. md
is the message digest to use. The salt paramter is used
as a salt in the derivation: it should point to an 8 byte
buffer or NULL if no salt is used. data is a buffer con-
taining datal bytes which is used to derive the keying
data. count is the iteration count to use. The derived key
and IV will be written to key and iv respectively.
A typical application of this function is to derive keying
material for an encryption algorithm from a password in
the data parameter.
Increasing the count parameter slows down the algorithm
which makes it harder for an attacker to peform a brute
force attack using a large number of candidate passwords.
If the total key and IV length is less than the digest
length and MD5 is used then the derivation algorithm is
compatible with PKCS#5 v1.5 otherwise a non standard
extension is used to derive the extra data.
Newer applications should use more standard algorithms
such as PKCS#5 v2.0 for key derivation.
KEY DERIVATION ALGORITHM
The key and IV is derived by concatenating D_1, D_2, etc
until enough data is available for the key and IV. D_i is
D_i = HASH^count(D_(i-1) || data || salt)
where || denotes concatentaion, D_0 is empty, HASH is the
digest algorithm in use, HASH^1(data) is simply
HASH(data), HASH^2(data) is HASH(HASH(data)) and so on.
The initial bytes are used for the key and the subsequent
bytes for the IV.
EVP_BytesToKey() returns the size of the derived key in
evp(3), rand(3), EVP_EncryptInit(3),
0.9.7c 2004-01-05 EVP_BytesToKey(3)
Time taken: 0.16144 seconds
Created with the man page lookup class by Andrew Collington,